PIP: In Moslem countries, children make up 45% of the population. Moslems revere their children. Therefore they must raise their children to be considerate and moral. They regard children as gifts of Allah. Some believe procreation is their religious duty. In traditional societies, children signify economic resources since they work when very young to add to the family's income. Further, they provide social security for aged, unemployed, and/or ill parents. Even though high fertility rates among Moslems is showing a decline, they are still in the traditional mode of high child mortality and high fertility. Nevertheless Allah and the Prophet gave parent certain obligations to assure children's rights. Children have the right to genetic purity. Indeed if parents have a disease that could be transmitted to a child, contraception must be used. They also have a right to life which includes a fetus after having taken shape or ensoulment. Abortion is allowed if the mother's life is in danger, however. Each child has the right to legitimacy and a good name. Further, each has the right to shelter, maintenance, and health care. In addition, mothers are obligated to breast feed each child for at least 2 full years. Children have a right to separate sleeping arrangements, especially adolescents. They also have the right to financial security. Parents are obligated to see to their religious training, proper education, and training in sports and self defense of their children. In addition, they must not show preference of sons and suppression or negligence of daughters. The last right of children includes the right to legitimate support. These rights should compel parents to modify their procreation patterns. Indeed many Moslem families use the 5 capabilities to determine the number of children they should have: physical, economic, cultural, time availability, and community support.