PIP: An interview with Dr. Ayse Akin Dervisoglu, director of maternal-child health and family planning for the Ministry of Health in Turkey, provides background on experiences in that country. Although temporary methods of contraception were legalized in 1965, abortion and voluntary sterilization remained illegal until 1983. Even before this ruling, induced abortion was widespread in Turkey. While affluent women were able to locate private physicians to perform pregnancy terminations, poor women used self-induced methods and there were many maternal deaths. Sterilization is considered an important method to promote in Turkey, since numerous surveys have identified a gap between a desired family size of 2-3 children and an actual average family size of 6 children. The number of female sterilizations has been increasing since 1983, but vasectomy is rarely performed. This is attributable to a lack of awareness of the method, misinformation about side effects, resistance on the part of largely male health personnel, and inadequate availability of vasectomy services. At present, only 5 clinics in Turkey offer no-scalpel vasectomy, but there are plans to train more physicians in this technique.