PIP: In May 1998, the Population Research Institution of the People's University of China and the Adult Education College of Shenzhen University sponsored a National Symposium on Western Population Theory to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the publication of the "Essay on the Principle of Population" by Thomas Robert Malthus. Participants expressed the view that Malthus was the founder of modern demography and that his advocacy of measures to check population growth were in accord with the objectives of family planning efforts throughout the world. Participants also noted that Malthus's views, along with those of Chinese demographer Ma Yinchu, had been distorted in an anti-rightist campaign in 1957. The result of this mistaken criticism is that people still incorrectly think that Malthus advocated war to ease population pressure. In order to increase understanding of what Malthus actually said, the symposium proposed that more of his work and commentary upon his work be translated into Chinese. The symposium participants also suggested that a research group be created by the China Population Association to boost the publication of books on Western population theory.