Applying the Theory of Reasoned Action to condom use among sex workers

Soc Behav Pers. 1998;26(4):317-27. doi: 10.2224/sbp.1998.26.4.317.


PIP: This study assessed the relationship between constructs from the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) on condom use in a sample of 1394 Filipino female sex workers. Path analysis for observed variables was used to examine the relationship between attitudes, norms and behavioral intentions on behaviors within the context of condom use during vaginal sex. Results indicate that the direct paths between attitudes toward the behavior and subjective norms were small in comparison to the direct paths between these two constructs and behavioral intentions. This supports the findings of the TRA, which states that behaviors are influenced by attitudes toward the behavior and subjective norms as mediated through intentions to perform the behavior. In addition, it was illustrated that the participation of the managers in the intervention will more than likely influence the success of the intervention. These findings exemplify the need to develop HIV preventative interventions that are sample specific. In conclusion, condom attitudes and policies of managers who employ commercial sex workers are very important for reducing risky sexual practice among their workers.

MeSH terms

  • Asia
  • Asia, Southeastern
  • Behavior
  • Condoms*
  • Contraception
  • Developing Countries
  • Family Planning Services
  • Health Behavior*
  • Philippines
  • Sexual Behavior*
  • Women*