PIP: Lagos, sub-Saharan Africa's largest metropolis, is a cauldron of at least 8 million inhabitants that swell by almost a thousand newcomers every day. Like so many of Africa's megacities, the city is linked with the rest of the country through the extended families of these immigrants, and through the road, rail, sea, and air routes that converge here. Hence, controlling AIDS in Lagos is critical to controlling AIDS in Nigeria. One of the obstacles to the success of prevention programs in the country is the abject denial of the existence of AIDS rooted in anti-White, pan-African ideology. Fela Anikulapo-Kuti, a staunch activist against the African government and an international music star who did not believe that AIDS existed, fueled this belief. It is noted that Fela's most ardent fans, who have adopted Fela's nonbelief of AIDS, are often the groups most vulnerable to HIV. Their response to the death of Fela caused by AIDS reveals the complex forms that AIDS denial takes in urban Africa.