Rat malonyl-CoA decarboxylase; cloning, expression in E. coli and its biochemical characterization

J Biochem Mol Biol. 2002 Mar 31;35(2):213-9. doi: 10.5483/bmbrep.2002.35.2.213.


Malonyl-CoA decarboxylase (E.C. catalyzes the conversion of malonyl-CoA to acetyl-CoA. Although the metabolic role of this enzyme has not been fully defined, it has been reported that its deficiency is associated with mild mental retardation, seizures, hypotonia, cadiomyopathy, developmental delay, vomiting, hypoglycemia, metabolic acidosis, and malonic aciduria. Here, we isolated a cDNA clone for malonyl CoA decarboxylase from a rat brain cDNA library, expressed it in E. coli, and characterized its biochemical properties. The full-length cDNA contained a single open-reading frame that encoded 491 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular weight of 54, 762 Da. Its deduced amino acid sequence revealed a 65.6% identity to that from the goose uropigial gland. The sequence of the first 38 amino acids represents a putative mitochondrial targeting sequence, and the last 3 amino acid sequences (SKL) represent peroxisomal targeting ones. The expression of malonyl CoA decarboxylase was observed over a wide range of tissues as a single transcript of 2.0 kb in size. The recombinant protein that was expressed in E. coli was used to characterize the biochemical properties, which showed a typical Michaelis-Menten substrate saturation pattern. The Km and Vmax were calculated to be 68 microM and 42.6 micromol/min/mg, respectively.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Brain / enzymology
  • Carboxy-Lyases / chemistry*
  • Carboxy-Lyases / genetics*
  • Carboxy-Lyases / metabolism
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Rats
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Tissue Distribution


  • DNA, Complementary
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Carboxy-Lyases
  • malonyl-CoA decarboxylase