The VP16 activation domain interacts with multiple transcriptional components as determined by protein-protein cross-linking in vivo

J Biol Chem. 2002 Nov 29;277(48):46043-50. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M208911200. Epub 2002 Sep 23.


Transcriptional activator proteins recruit the RNA polymerase II machinery and chromatin-modifying activities to promoters. Biochemical experiments indicate that activator proteins can associate with a large number of proteins, and many such proteins have been proposed to be direct targets of activators. However, there is great uncertainty about which biochemical interactions are physiologically relevant. Here, we develop a formaldehyde-based cross-linking procedure to identify protein-protein interactions that occur under physiological conditions. We show that the VP16 activation domain directly interacts with TATA-binding protein (TBP), TFIIB, and the SAGA histone acetylase complex in vivo.

MeSH terms

  • Acetyltransferases / metabolism
  • Herpes Simplex Virus Protein Vmw65 / chemistry
  • Herpes Simplex Virus Protein Vmw65 / metabolism*
  • Histone Acetyltransferases
  • Proteins / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism
  • TATA-Box Binding Protein / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic*


  • Herpes Simplex Virus Protein Vmw65
  • Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • TATA-Box Binding Protein
  • Acetyltransferases
  • Histone Acetyltransferases