Effects of changing demographic factors upon women's family status in China: a model of a family status life table and its application

Chin J Popul Sci. 1989;1(1):77-94.

Abstract

PIP: The author presents a life table model for China based on Bongaarts nuclear family model and the concept marker of the family, who is identified as the senior women in the family. The attached appendix details the calculations. The type and size of the family are determined by the status change of every marker in the family; the marital, parity, and maternal states. Co-residence in the 3 generation family as well as families maintaining close emotional and economic ties regardless of residence are included. Comparisons of demographic changes are made for 1950-70 and 1981. The following factors are relevant to understanding this model. 1) Fertility, mortality, and marriage rates by age group are considered artificially constant. 2) The Markov hypothesis operates in such a way that birth variations for women at specific age groups vary with marital status. 3) The model is female only. 4) The divorce and re-marriage rate is indirectly estimated. The findings indicate that along with provincial data, 82.3% remained single in 1981 before the recommended marriage at the mature age of 20. Although the multi birth rate appears low, the distribution of births for 50-year-olds indicates the 47.6% have 3 or more births and multi births still represent a serious problem.

MeSH terms

  • Asia
  • Asia, Eastern
  • Birth Rate*
  • China
  • Demography
  • Dependency, Psychological*
  • Developing Countries
  • Economics
  • Family Characteristics*
  • Family Planning Policy*
  • Fertility
  • Life Tables*
  • Marital Status*
  • Marriage
  • Parity*
  • Population
  • Population Dynamics
  • Public Policy
  • Research
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Women's Rights*