The "anatomy" of Thailand's successful family planning program

ICMH Newsl. 1991 Jan-Feb;18(189):1.


PIP: Begun in the early 1970s, Thailand's Population Program has been and unqualified success. The program has been able to reduce population growth from 3.2% in 1970s to 1.2% as of 1989. From the early 1970s to 1987, contraceptive prevalence increased from 14.8 to 70.6%. Several factors account for the success. In contrast to the Philippines, whose population program has not been as successful, Thailand has not experienced religious opposition to family planning, since BUddhists favor limiting children. The Thai program has also stated a clear delineation of roles for nongovernment organizations. In order to avoid duplication of programs and competition among field workers, the Ministry of Health coordinates all programs. Success is also due to the program's demographic-economic approach, which stresses the economic implications of population growth. Finally, the availability and accessibility of to family planning services has greatly contributed to the success of the program. All government hospitals have a family planning clinic, and midwives, nurses, and doctors all receive family planning training. Unless clients can demonstrate that they are unable to pay, all family planning services carry a standard fee. The Thai Population Program has evolved from a purely family planning contraceptive service to a community development program designed to improve the productivity of individuals. The government has implemented the Thailand Business Initiative in Rural Development, which involves the participation of civic-minded business groups in assisting community development.

MeSH terms

  • Asia
  • Asia, Southeastern
  • Buddhism*
  • Contraception Behavior
  • Contraception*
  • Demography
  • Developing Countries
  • Economics
  • Efficiency*
  • Efficiency, Organizational*
  • Family Planning Services
  • Health Planning*
  • Health Services Accessibility*
  • Income*
  • Organization and Administration
  • Population
  • Population Control*
  • Population Dynamics
  • Population Growth*
  • Private Sector*
  • Program Evaluation
  • Public Policy
  • Religion
  • Research
  • Social Change*
  • Social Planning*
  • Statistics as Topic*
  • Thailand