PIP: Decisions made by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the state council on May 12, 1991 are described. The decisions pertain to strategies for strengthening the family planning (FP) program. The target is to control the average rate of natural increase below 12.5/1000 in the coming decade. 4 decisions were made. The 1st is concerned with strengthening leadership over FP programs based on a common understanding. The strategic policy is to develop China more rapidly and improve the quality of life for the citizenry. Achievements have been recognized in controlling population growth since 1978. The birth rate dropped from 33.43/1000 in 1970 to 21.06/1000 in 1990. With a present total population of 1.1 billion and an annual increase of 16 million births, there is little room for growth either economically or socially. The 8th 5 Year Plan requires the implementation of FP when the peak of the baby boom is here. Socialist modernization cannot be realized, consumption of natural resources will be accelerated, and the environment will deteriorate if FP is not instituted quickly and effectively. Time is of the essence. Party committees and government at all levels must place priority on FP and economic development. High level officials must take responsibility for the implementation and the fulfillment of FP tasks. Responsibility for management of FP needs improving. Family planning work should have scientific criteria for assessments and supervision. Implementation at lower levels should be evaluated by Party committees and governments to insure accuracy of statistical data. Concealment of unplanned births should be strictly prohibited. False reports of FP achievements are also not allowed. The 2nd decision is to resolutely carry out the current Fp policy and manage according to laws. The current policy is described. Early marriage, early childbearing, and 3rd and higher parity births must be stopped. Those who violate the FP policy and regulations should be dealt with sternly. The 3rd decision is to concentrate on rural areas and implement FP in a down-to-earth way. The masses need to be extensively mobilized. Competent FP workers must be increased to provide meticulous and painstaking work. Emphasis should be on the "3 stresses": publicity and education, contraception, and constant FP management. The 4th decision is for all departments to be mobilized to take charge of FP work. Policy on households of infirm and childless elderly enjoying the 5 guarantees of food, clothing, medical care, housing, and burial expenses needs to be implemented. Financing should increase from 1 yaun to 2 yuan/person for FP.