Latent possibility for a change of the fertility behaviors of rural-urban migrants

China Popul Today. 1996 Dec;13(5-6):16.

Abstract

PIP: This article discusses fertility differences between China's rural population and its population of rural migrants to cities. Data from the 1982 One-Per-Thousand Survey reveal that the total fertility rate of women in rural areas was 2.9 compared to only 1.4 in urban areas. Data from the 1987 1% population sampling survey the fertility among women working in agricultural sectors was 2.76 children. Women working in nonagricultural sectors had a fertility rate ranging from 1.1 to 1.5. Differential fertility is attributed to disparities in socioeconomic development, education, childbearing intentions, and family planning policy inconsistencies. Findings from a 1987 migration survey indicate that migrants who moved from rural to urban areas had 7% lower fertility than native urban residents. It is posited that migrant fertility is low, due to higher education levels of migrants compared to their rural counterparts and to delayed childbearing. Migrants frequently live apart from their spouses initially and this results in decreased sexual activity. Migrants also recognize the high costs of living and raising children in a city and may not have the resources for maintaining higher fertility. Proper management of rural family planning programs would reduce rural fertility by meeting this population's need for quality contraceptive services.

MeSH terms

  • Asia
  • Asia, Eastern
  • China
  • Demography
  • Developing Countries
  • Emigration and Immigration
  • Fertility*
  • Population
  • Population Characteristics
  • Population Dynamics*
  • Rural Population*
  • Transients and Migrants*
  • Urban Population*