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Review
. 2002 Oct;53(377):2039-55.
doi: 10.1093/jxb/erf072.

Ethylene Biosynthesis and Action in Tomato: A Model for Climacteric Fruit Ripening

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Review

Ethylene Biosynthesis and Action in Tomato: A Model for Climacteric Fruit Ripening

Lucille Alexander et al. J Exp Bot. .

Abstract

Elucidating the mechanisms involved in ripening of climacteric fruit and the role that ethylene plays in the process are key to understanding fruit production and quality. In this review, which is based largely on research in tomato, particular attention is paid to the role of specific isoforms of ACC synthase and ACC oxidase in controlling ethylene synthesis during the initiation and subsequent autocatalytic phase of ethylene production during ripening. Recent information on the structure and role of six different putative ethylene receptors in tomato is discussed, including evidence supporting the receptor inhibition model for ripening, possible differences in histidine kinase activity between receptors, and the importance of receptor LeETR4 in ripening. A number of ethylene-regulated ripening-related genes are discussed, including those involved in ethylene synthesis, fruit texture, and aroma volatile production, as well as experiments designed to elucidate the ethylene signalling pathway from receptor through intermediate components similar to those found in Arabidopsis, leading to transcription factors predicted to control the expression of ethylene-regulated genes.

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