IEC management in population programmes of Liberia

Popul Manag. 1987 Jun;1(1):37-9.

Abstract

PIP: Liberia lacks a well-defined population policy and there has been no serious effort to control the high population growth rate (3.3%/year). Traditional beliefs comprise a strong obstacle to acceptance of family planning, suggesting a need for IEC activities. Other obstacles include a lack of awareness of the seriousness of Liberia,s population problem on the part of political leaders, inadequate communication between husband and wife on family size issues, support for large family size due to exaggeration of the economic value of children, and a lack of knowledge of family planning services and methods. It has been estimated that only 5% of women of childbearing age who need family planning services receive them. IEC work faces severe challenges in Liberia due to the low literacy rate (25%), the existence of numerous different dialects, and the predominantly rural residence of the population. Use of radio and television for IEC activities is limited by competition for the few free public service spots. The most widely utilized IEC strategy has been interpersonal contact through clinic and home visits, lectures, and counseling. Both the Family PLanning Association of Liberia and the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare maintain family planning of health clinics throughout the country and have field workers who make home visits to educate parents and adolescents about family life. Lacking has been supervision of these interpersonal contacts and evaluation of their impact. An encouraging development is the fact that the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare is in the process of establishing a Division of information, Education, and Communication.

MeSH terms

  • Africa
  • Africa South of the Sahara
  • Africa, Western
  • Behavior
  • Communication*
  • Culture*
  • Delivery of Health Care*
  • Demography
  • Developing Countries
  • Education*
  • Health
  • Health Personnel*
  • Health Planning
  • Information Services*
  • Interpersonal Relations*
  • Liberia
  • Mass Media*
  • Organization and Administration
  • Politics*
  • Population
  • Population Characteristics
  • Public Policy*