Convention on the Rights of the Child, 20 November 1989

Annu Rev Popul Law. 1989;16:95, 485-501.


PIP: This document contains the text of the 1989 UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Convention opens with a preamble which notes, among other things, that children are entitled to special care and assistance, that the family is the natural environment for the nurturing of children, and that international cooperation is important for improving the living conditions of children, especially in developing countries. Part 1 of the Convention contains 41 Articles which specify the rights of children to such things as protection against discrimination; proper care and protection; survival and development; a name and nationality; a unified family; freedom of expression, thought, conscience, religion, association, and peaceful assembly; access to information; adoption; having special needs met (in the case of handicapped children); health; social security; an adequate standard of living; education; rest and leisure; and protection from economic exploitation, illegal drugs, and sexual abuse. In addition, no child under the age of 15 years should serve in any armed forces. Parts 2 and 3 of the Convention deal with administrative issues such as the establishment of a Committee on the Rights of the Child as well as ratification, reservations, amendments, and denouncements of the Convention.

Publication types

  • Legislation

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adoption*
  • Age Factors
  • Behavior
  • Child Abuse*
  • Child Care*
  • Child Rearing
  • Child Welfare*
  • Child*
  • Communication*
  • Crime*
  • Demography
  • Disabled Persons*
  • Economics
  • Education*
  • Emigration and Immigration
  • Employment*
  • Family Planning Policy*
  • Health
  • Health Workforce
  • Human Rights*
  • International Agencies
  • International Cooperation*
  • Organizations
  • Politics
  • Population
  • Population Characteristics
  • Population Dynamics
  • Public Policy*
  • Refugees*
  • Social Problems
  • Transients and Migrants
  • United Nations*