AIDS prevention for refugees. The case of Rwandans in Tanzania

Aidscaptions. 1996 Jul;3(2):4-9.


PIP: Rwanda erupted in civil war in the spring of 1994, leading to the flight from the country of hundreds of thousands of refugees into neighboring Tanzania and Zaire. Within days, the population of the Benaco refugee camp grew to more than 250,000, making it the second largest city in Tanzania. HIV infection rates in some sectors of the Rwandan population had been among the highest observed in Africa. High levels of HIV infection thus remain among the refugees from Rwanda. Four months after the beginning of the exodus from Rwanda, the AIDS Control and Prevention (AIDSCAP) Project contracted with CARE International to manage a broad-based HIV prevention pilot project for Rwandan refugees at the Benaco refugee camp. Conditions in the camp and the project are described, followed by consideration of the prevailing culture and behavior change. The author believes that the pioneering work at Benaco and three other Ngara District camps offers valuable lessons on working with displaced populations under crisis conditions.

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome*
  • Africa
  • Africa South of the Sahara
  • Africa, Eastern
  • Africa, Northern
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Demography
  • Developing Countries
  • Disease
  • Emigration and Immigration
  • HIV Infections*
  • Population
  • Population Dynamics
  • Refugees*
  • Research*
  • Rwanda
  • Tanzania
  • Transients and Migrants
  • Virus Diseases