Berger in retrospect: effect of varied weight training programmes on strength

Br J Sports Med. 2002 Oct;36(5):319-24. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.36.5.319.


The evidence that multiple sets of exercise are superior to a single set for maximal strength gains, as suggested by Berger in 1962, is reviewed. The validity and practical significance of Berger's strength training study are questioned. Well controlled, methodologically sound studies that minimise confounding variables are required to support the hypothesis that multiple sets of exercise elicit superior gains in strength.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Muscle Contraction / physiology
  • Muscle Relaxation / physiology
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Physical Education and Training / methods*
  • Physical Education and Training / standards*
  • Physical Fitness / physiology
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Weight Lifting / physiology*