Skewed X-chromosome inactivation in monochorionic diamniotic twin sisters results in severe and mild hemophilia A

Blood. 2002 Oct 15;100(8):3034-6. doi: 10.1182/blood-2002-01-0277.


This study describes the genetic mechanisms responsible for the de novo occurrence of severe and mild hemophilia A in monozygotic twin females. Both twins were found to carry a previously known factor VIII mutation (Tyr16Cys) in the heterozygous state which most probably arose in the paternal germ line. Both twins showed concordant skewing of X inactivation toward the maternally derived normal X chromosome, the most severely affected twin exhibiting a higher percentage of inactivation of the normal X chromosome. The degree of skewing of X inactivation closely correlated with both the coagulation parameters and the clinical phenotype of the twins. Since these twins were monochorionic, such results suggest that the twinning event in this case has occurred after the onset of the X-inactivation period.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Human, X / genetics*
  • Factor VIII / genetics
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Hemophilia A / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mutation
  • Pedigree
  • Sex Chromosome Aberrations
  • Twins, Monozygotic


  • Factor VIII