Background and objectives: In dentistry, low-power lasers have been used in the treatment of dentin hypersensitivity, gingivitis, periodontitis, and different forms of oral ulcers. This in vitro study focuses on the biostimulation of NIH-3T3 fibroblasts by a low-power Ga-As-pulsed laser.
Study design/materials and methods: We have studied cell growth and procollagen synthesis of cultured fibroblasts submitted to low-power laser irradiation with energy densities varying from 3 to 5 J/cm(2) over a period of 1-6 days. The light source was a 120 mW Ga-As diode laser (lambda = 904 nm). Growth curves and procollagen immunoprecipitation were obtained.
Results: Irradiation of 3 and 4 J/cm(2) increased the cell numbers about threefold to sixfold comparing to control cultures. However, this effect was restricted to a small range of energy densities since 5 J/cm(2) had no effect on cell growth. The energy density of 3 J/cm(2) remarkably increased cell growth, with no effect on procollagen synthesis, as demonstrated by the immunoprecipitation analysis.
Conclusions: Our results showed that a particular laser irradiation stimulates fibroblast proliferation, without impairing procollagen synthesis.
Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.