Acute renal failure in cystic fibrosis: association with inhaled tobramycin therapy

Pediatr Pulmonol. 2002 Nov;34(5):375-7. doi: 10.1002/ppul.10185.


We describe a 20-year-old patient with cystic fibrosis who developed acute nonoliguric renal failure associated with inhaled tobramycin. Clinical evaluation and renal biopsy findings were consistent with aminoglycoside-induced changes. Renal failure due to inhaled aminoglycosides has not been previously reported. The incidence may rise, however, with the increased use of this treatment modality. Measurable tobramycin levels due to inhalational therapy with conventional dosing in the reported patient indicate that the drug can be systemically absorbed, and renal tubular toxicity may occur.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Acute Kidney Injury / chemically induced*
  • Administration, Inhalation
  • Adult
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / adverse effects*
  • Cystic Fibrosis / complications*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Pseudomonas Infections / drug therapy*
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / drug therapy*
  • Tobramycin / administration & dosage
  • Tobramycin / adverse effects*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Tobramycin