Aim: Our recent studies revealed a striking but variable enhancement of renal vasodilator responses to blockers of the renin-angiotensin system in subjects with diabetes mellitus, possibly reflecting the level of intrarenal activation of the renin-angiotensin system, and thus a risk of nephropathy. As obesity is a common finding in diabetic individuals, and obesity has been linked to an increase in plasma angiotensinogen levels, we enrolled diabetic subjects with a wide range of body mass index (BMI) for this study.
Methods: Twelve Type 2 diabetic subjects in balance on a low sodium diet participated after baseline renal plasma flow and glomerular filtration measurements were made. Each subject then received 150 mg irbesartan, and renal function was measured every 45 min for 4 h.
Results: The average vasodilator response to irbesartan was 174 +/- 33 ml/min. No correlation was found between renal plasma flow response to irbesartan and duration of diabetes, baseline glucose, or HbA1c level. BMI, our measure of obesity, was highly correlated to the renal response to irbesartan (r = 0.7; P = 0.01).
Conclusions: Our findings suggest an important role for obesity in activating the intrarenal renin system, perhaps via production of angiotensinogen. BMI may be an indicator of risk of nephropathy.