Two polymorphic sites of the microsomal epoxide hydrolase gene (EPHX1, 113Tyr-->113His, 139His-->139Arg) and four glutathione S-transferase genes (GSTM1, GSTM3, GSTP1, GSTT1) were genotyped in a group of patients with larynx cancer (N=204) and in a group of healthy controls (N=203), all Spanish caucasians. After adjusting for gender, age, and tobacco smoking, none of the polymorphisms alone were found to be associated with larynx cancer risk. The analysis of EPHX1/GST combinations, however, showed a significant over-representation of patients with a combination of 113Tyr/113Tyr EPHX1 and 105Ile/105Ile GSTP1 (adjusted odds ratio (OR): 1.95; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.02-3.78). The calculation of the predicted epoxide hydrolase (EH) activity also showed an increased risk for the individuals with both predicted high activity EH and 105Ile/105Ile GSTP1 (OR: 2.90; 95% CI: 1.10-7.67). These results on larynx cancer tend to confirm a former study on lung cancer (Cancer Lett. 173 (2001) 155) suggesting the existence of an interaction between variants of EH and GSTpi, both enzymes being involved in the metabolism of aromatic hydrocarbons, that may increase susceptibility to tobacco-related cancers.