Characterization of a first domain of human high glycine-tyrosine and high sulfur keratin-associated protein (KAP) genes on chromosome 21q22.1

J Biol Chem. 2002 Dec 13;277(50):48993-9002. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M206422200. Epub 2002 Sep 30.


Analysis of the EBI/GeneBank(TM) data base using non-human hair keratin-associated protein (KAP) cDNA sequences as a query resulted in the identification of a first domain of high glycine-tyrosine and high sulfur KAP genes located on human chromosome 21q22.1. This domain, present on the DNA accession numbers and, was approximately 535 kb in size and contained 17 high glycine-tyrosine and 7 high sulfur KAP genes, as well as 9 KAP pseudogenes. Based on amino acid sequence comparisons of the encoded proteins, the KAP genes could be divided into seven high glycine-tyrosine gene families (KAP6-KAP8, and KAP19-KAP22) and four high sulfur gene families (KAP11, KAP13, KAP15, and KAP23). The high glycine-tyrosine genes described here appear to represent the complete set of this type of KAP genes present in the human genome. Both systematic cDNA isolation studies from an arrayed scalp cDNA library and in situ hybridization expression studies of all of the KAP genes identified in the 21q22.1 region revealed varying degrees and regions of expression of 11 members of the high tyrosine-glycine genes and 6 members of the high sulfur KAP genes in the hair forming compartment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21*
  • DNA Primers
  • Gene Expression
  • Glycine / metabolism*
  • Hair / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Keratins / chemistry
  • Keratins / genetics
  • Keratins / metabolism*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Tyrosine / metabolism*


  • DNA Primers
  • Tyrosine
  • Keratins
  • Glycine

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AJ457063
  • GENBANK/AJ457064
  • GENBANK/AJ457065
  • GENBANK/AJ457066
  • GENBANK/AJ457067