The influence of racial socialization practices on the cognitive and behavioral competence of African American preschoolers

Child Dev. 2002 Sep-Oct;73(5):1611-25. doi: 10.1111/1467-8624.00493.


The association between parent racial socialization and child competence was examined in a socioeconomically diverse sample of African American preschoolers living in an urban setting. Interviews were conducted in the homes of 200 families. Racial socialization was assessed by parent report as well as by observation of the sociocultural context of the home, and child outcomes were assessed using the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children and the Child Behavior Checklist. Results indicated that African American parents who provided homes that were rich in African American culture had preschool children who had greater amounts of factual knowledge and better developed problem-solving skills. African American parents who socialized their preschool children to be proud of their heritage reported fewer problem behaviors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Black or African American / psychology*
  • Child Behavior / psychology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cognition*
  • Culture*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations*
  • Male
  • Parenting
  • Problem Solving
  • Social Behavior*