Mast cells express chloride channels of the ClC family

Inflamm Res. 2002 Sep;51(9):451-6. doi: 10.1007/pl00012411.

Abstract

Objective and design: The expression of specific Cl- channels in mast cells (MC) is poorly understood. Because the largest and most ubiquitously expressed family of Cl- channels is the ClC, we studied MC mRNA and protein expression for members of the ClC family.

Methods: Specific primers were designed to ClC-1 to -7 and reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed on RNA from highly purified rat peritoneal mast cells (PMC) and the rat cultured mast cell line (RCMC). Protein expression of ClC-2, -3 and -7 chloride channels in PMC and RCMC was studied using western blotting.

Results: RT-PCR showed that RCMC expressed mRNA for the Cl- channels (ClC)-2, -3, -4, -5 and -7, while PMC expressed ClC-7. Using Western Blotting, we found protein expression of ClC-2 and ClC-7, but not ClC-3, in RCMC, whereas in PMC neither of these proteins could be detected.

Conclusion: These results indicate that MC express several members of the ClC family and that these Cl- channels might be important in MC functions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chloride Channels / genetics
  • Chloride Channels / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression
  • Male
  • Mast Cells / metabolism*
  • Mast Cells / physiology
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley

Substances

  • Chloride Channels
  • RNA, Messenger