Microspherophakia is present when the crystalline lens is small and relatively spherical with increased antero-posterior thickness. Clinical findings for a patient with idiopathic bilateral microspherophakia are described. The patient was moderately myopic with slightly reduced visual acuity. The anterior chambers (R: 1.57 and L: 1.37 mm) were shallow compared with normals (3.46 to 3.80 mm) and the crystalline lenses were thicker (R: 4.77 and L: 4.89 mm) than normal (3.3 to 3.96 mm) with steeper than normal anterior (radii of curvature R: 6.2 and L: 6.3 mm) and posterior (R: 6.3 and L: 5.6 mm) surfaces. Microspherophakia may be associated with various syndromes and there is a strong possibility of glaucoma, particularly if the small lens is displaced.