In order to examine the relationship between corneodesmosin (CDSN) and psoriasis we have determined the presence of CDSN polymorphisms by DNA sequencing in (a) nine B-LCL cell lines of major histocompatibility complex ancestral haplotypes known to be associated with psoriasis vulgaris including 13.1AH, 46.1AH, 46.2 and 57.1AH, and in (b) a group of 267 unrelated individuals comprising Japanese psoriasis patients (n = 101) and Japanese subjects without the disease (n = 166). Three novel CDSN gene sequences were identified. In addition, we have classified the 18 alleles into seven main groups based on phylogeny of non-synonymous substitutions. However, we have found no statistically significant differences between the patients and the unaffected individuals in any of these groups. These findings indicate that CDSN is not a major psoriasis susceptibility gene.