An alternative mechanism for amidase signature enzymes

J Mol Biol. 2002 Oct 4;322(5):1053-64. doi: 10.1016/s0022-2836(02)00886-0.

Abstract

The peptide amidase from Stenotrophomonas maltophilia catalyses predominantly the hydrolysis of the C-terminal amide bond in peptide amides. Peptide bonds or amide functions in amino acid side-chains are not hydrolysed. This specificity makes peptide amidase (Pam) interesting for different biotechnological applications. Pam belongs to the amidase signature (AS) family. It is the first protein within this family whose tertiary structure has been solved. The structure of the native Pam has been determined with a resolution of 1.4A and in complex with the competitive inhibitor chymostatin at a resolution of 1.8A. Chymostatin, which forms acyl adducts with many serine proteases, binds non-covalently to this enzyme.Pam folds as a very compact single-domain protein. The AS sequence represents a core domain that is covered by alpha-helices. This AS domain contains the catalytic residues. It is topologically homologous to the phosphoinositol phosphatase domain. The structural data do not support the recently proposed Ser-Lys catalytic dyad mechanism for AS enzymes. Our results are in agreement with the role of Ser226 as the primary nucleophile but differ concerning the roles of Ser202 and Lys123: Ser202, with direct contact both to the substrate molecule and to Ser226, presumably serves as an acid/bases catalyst. Lys123, with direct contact to Ser202 but no contact to Ser226 or the substrate molecule, most likely acts as an acid catalyst.

MeSH terms

  • Amidohydrolases / chemistry*
  • Amidohydrolases / genetics
  • Amidohydrolases / metabolism
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • Hydrogen Bonding
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Structure
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases / chemistry
  • Protein Folding
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Stenotrophomonas maltophilia / enzymology*

Substances

  • Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
  • Amidohydrolases
  • fatty-acid amide hydrolase
  • amidase

Associated data

  • PDB/1M21
  • PDB/1M22