Furosemide reveals heterogeneous GABA(A) receptor expression at adult rat Golgi cell to granule cell synapses

Neuropharmacology. 2002 Sep;43(4):737-49. doi: 10.1016/s0028-3908(02)00085-0.

Abstract

The contribution that alpha6 subunit-containing GABA(A) receptors make to inhibitory synaptic transmission to granule cells was investigated by making whole-cell patch clamp recordings from granule cells in adult rat cerebellar slices and applying furosemide, the specific alpha6 subunit-containing GABA(A) receptor antagonist. Endogenous, extracellular GABA continually activated GABA(A) receptors producing a tonic current. Since this current was markedly reduced by furosemide it was probably produced by alpha6 subunit-containing receptors. In contrast, furosemide had little effect on the amplitude or kinetics of fast spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSCs), although such sIPSCs were abolished by bicuculline and SR95331. However, the amplitude of evoked IPSCs with a very slow rise and decay were markedly reduced by furosemide. These IPSCs probably resulted from the spillover of GABA from neighbouring synapses activating high affinity alpha6 subunit-containing receptors. In the rest of the cells (40 out of 46), evoked IPSCs had rise and decay kinetics that lay in-between fast sIPSCs and slow 'spillover' IPSCs. Such IPSCs had variable kinetics and also exhibited considerable variation in the magnitude of furosemide block. Thus the GABA(A) receptors present at adult Golgi cell-granule cell synapses, at a developmental stage where receptor expression is complete, are highly heterogeneous.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cerebellum / cytology*
  • Cerebellum / drug effects
  • Cytoplasmic Granules / drug effects
  • Diuretics / pharmacology*
  • Electrophysiology
  • Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials / drug effects
  • Furosemide / pharmacology*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Male
  • Membrane Potentials / physiology
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Receptors, GABA-A / biosynthesis*
  • Synapses / drug effects*
  • Synaptic Transmission / drug effects
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / pharmacology

Substances

  • Diuretics
  • Receptors, GABA-A
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
  • Furosemide