Evolution of protein kinase signaling from yeast to man

Trends Biochem Sci. 2002 Oct;27(10):514-20. doi: 10.1016/s0968-0004(02)02179-5.


Protein phosphorylation controls many cellular processes, especially those involved in intercellular communication and coordination of complex functions. To explore the evolution of protein phosphorylation, we compared the protein kinase complements ('kinomes') of budding yeast, worm and fly, with known human kinases. We classify kinases into putative orthologous groups with conserved functions and discuss kinase families and pathways that are unique, expanded or lost in each lineage. Fly and human share several kinase families involved in immunity, neurobiology, cell cycle and morphogenesis that are absent from worm, suggesting that these functions might have evolved after the divergence of nematodes from the main metazoan lineage.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Evolution, Molecular*
  • Humans
  • Phosphorylation
  • Phylogeny
  • Protein Kinases / genetics*
  • Protein Kinases / immunology
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology*
  • Sequence Homology
  • Signal Transduction / physiology*


  • Protein Kinases