The diversity of work: differences, similarities and relationships concerning characteristics of the organisation, the work and psychological work reactions in intensive care and non-intensive care nursing

Int J Nurs Stud. 2002 Nov;39(8):841-55. doi: 10.1016/s0020-7489(02)00020-2.


The aim of this study was to examine differences in organisational characteristics, work characteristics and psychological work reactions, and to investigate relationships between these variables in intensive care units (ICUs) and non-ICUs. Questionnaires were distributed to intensive care (n = 184) and non-intensive care nurses (n = 927) working in 15 general hospitals in the Netherlands. MANOVA showed that ICU nurses reported significantly higher uncertainty, higher complexity, and higher decision authority than non-ICU nurses. Emotional exhaustion was significantly lower among ICU nurses. Regarding the pattern of relationships, the LISREL-analyses revealed that the indirect proposed pattern of relationships was invariant across the two samples, which means a validation of our research model.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Burnout, Professional / epidemiology*
  • Decision Making, Organizational
  • Female
  • Hospitals, General / organization & administration
  • Humans
  • Intensive Care Units / organization & administration*
  • Job Satisfaction
  • Male
  • Models, Psychological
  • Netherlands / epidemiology
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital / classification
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital / psychology*
  • Professional Autonomy
  • Social Support
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Workforce
  • Workload / psychology
  • Workplace / psychology