Emergency response planning for anthrax outbreaks in bison herds of northern Canada: a balance between policy and science

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002 Oct;969:245-50. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2002.tb04386.x.


Anthrax outbreaks in northern Canada have implications for ongoing recovery efforts for the threatened wood bison and may pose a health risk to humans, other wildlife, and domestic livestock. RWED and WBNP maintain Anthrax Emergency Response Plans (AERPs) for their respective jurisdictions. An AERP is a pre-planned logistical framework for responding effectively and rapidly to an outbreak so as to minimize spread of the disease, reduce environmental load of spores available for future outbreaks, and minimize risk to public health. In this paper, we describe the main components of an AERP and outline areas for future research.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Wild
  • Anthrax / diagnosis
  • Anthrax / epidemiology
  • Anthrax / prevention & control
  • Anthrax / veterinary*
  • Bacillus anthracis / isolation & purification
  • Bison*
  • Disease Outbreaks / veterinary*
  • Female
  • Male
  • Northwest Territories / epidemiology
  • Public Health*
  • Public Policy
  • Zoonoses