The ETHNIC(S) mnemonic: a clinical tool for ethnogeriatric education

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002 Sep;50(9):1582-9. doi: 10.1046/j.1532-5415.2002.50417.x.


Geriatrics healthcare providers need to be aware of the effect that culture has on establishing treatment priorities, influencing adherence, and addressing end-of-life care issues for older patients and their caregivers. The mnemonic ETHNIC(S) (Explanation, Treatment, Healers, Negotiate, Intervention, Collaborate, Spirituality/Seniors) presented in this article provides a framework that practitioners can use in providing culturally appropriate geriatric care. ETHNIC(S) can serve as a clinically applicable tool for eliciting and negotiating cultural issues during healthcare encounters and as a new instructional strategy to be incorporated into ethnogeriatric curricula for all healthcare disciplines.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Caregivers
  • Culture*
  • Female
  • Health Occupations / education*
  • Health Services for the Aged / ethics*
  • Humans
  • Male