The 27.8-kb R-plasmid pTET3 from Corynebacterium glutamicum encodes the aminoglycoside adenyltransferase gene cassette aadA9 and the regulated tetracycline efflux system Tet 33 flanked by active copies of the widespread insertion sequence IS6100

Plasmid. 2002 Sep;48(2):117-29. doi: 10.1016/s0147-619x(02)00120-8.


We determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the 27.8-kb R-plasmid pTET3 from Corynebacterium glutamicum LP-6 which encodes streptomycin, spectinomycin, and tetracycline resistance. The antibiotic resistance determinant of pTET3 comprises an intI1-like gene, which was truncated by the insertion sequence IS6100, and the novel aminoglycoside adenyltransferase gene cassette aadA9. The deduced AADA9 protein showed 61% identity and 71% similarity to AADA6 of integron In51 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In addition, pTET3 carries the novel repressor-regulated tetracycline resistance determinant Tet 33 which revealed amino acid sequence homology to group 1 tetracycline efflux systems. The highest level of similarity was observed to the tetracycline efflux protein TetA(Z) from the C. glutamicum plasmid pAG1 with 65% identical and 77% similar amino acids. Each antibiotic resistance region of pTET3 is flanked by identical copies of the widespread insertion sequence IS6100 initially identified in Mycobacterium fortuitum. Transposition assays with a cloned copy of IS6100 revealed that this element is transpositionally active in C. glutamicum. These data suggest a central role of IS6100 in the evolutionary history of pTET3 by mediating the cointegrative assembly of resistance gene-carrying DNA segments.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Corynebacterium / drug effects
  • Corynebacterium / enzymology
  • Corynebacterium / genetics*
  • Corynebacterium / metabolism
  • DNA Transposable Elements / genetics*
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics*
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial / genetics*
  • Genes, Bacterial / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional
  • Nucleotidyltransferases / genetics*
  • Open Reading Frames / genetics
  • R Factors / genetics*
  • Recombination, Genetic / genetics
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Spectinomycin / pharmacology
  • Streptomycin / pharmacology
  • Tetracycline / metabolism*
  • Tetracycline / pharmacology


  • DNA Transposable Elements
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Spectinomycin
  • Nucleotidyltransferases
  • gentamicin 2''-nucleotidyltransferase
  • Tetracycline
  • Streptomycin

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AJ420072