The recent identification of stem cell pools in a variety of unexpected tissue sources has raised the possibility that a pluripotent stem cell population may reside in the myocardium and contribute to the post-natal growth of this tissue. Here, we demonstrate that the post-natal myocardium contains a resident verapamil-sensitive side population (SP), with stem cell-like activity. When growth of the post-natal heart was attenuated through over-expression of a dominant negative cardiac transcription factor (MEF2C), the resident SP cell population was subject to activation, followed by a consequent depletion. In addition, cardiac SP cells are capable of fusion with other cell types, but do not adopt the corresponding gene expression profile. These observations suggest that a responsive stem cell pool resides in the adult myocardium, and may influence adaptation of the post-natal heart.