Toxoplasma Gondii: Transmission, Diagnosis and Prevention

Clin Microbiol Infect. 2002 Oct;8(10):634-40. doi: 10.1046/j.1469-0691.2002.00485.x.

Abstract

Toxoplasmosis, caused by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, is one of the most common parasitic infections of man and other warm-blooded animals. It has been found world-wide from Alaska to Australia. Nearly one-third of humanity has been exposed to this parasite. In most adults it does not cause serious illness, but it can cause blindness and mental retardation in congenitally infected children and devastating disease in immunocompromised individuals.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Protozoan / analysis
  • Cats
  • Cattle
  • Deer / parasitology
  • Encephalitis / etiology
  • Encephalitis / immunology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immune Tolerance
  • Meat / parasitology
  • Mice
  • Oocysts / growth & development*
  • Oocysts / isolation & purification
  • Pregnancy
  • Pyrimethamine / therapeutic use
  • Rabbits
  • Soil / parasitology*
  • Sulfadiazine / therapeutic use
  • Swine / parasitology
  • Toxoplasma / immunology
  • Toxoplasma / isolation & purification
  • Toxoplasmosis* / diagnosis
  • Toxoplasmosis* / prevention & control
  • Toxoplasmosis* / transmission
  • Toxoplasmosis, Congenital / etiology
  • Toxoplasmosis, Congenital / pathology*

Substances

  • Antibodies, Protozoan
  • Soil
  • Sulfadiazine
  • Pyrimethamine