Needs, concerns, strategies, and advice of stroke caregivers the first 6 months after discharge

J Neurosci Nurs. 2002 Oct;34(5):242-51. doi: 10.1097/01376517-200210000-00004.


During the first few months after a stroke, family caregivers must quickly learn how to care for the stroke survivor in the home setting. Although there are some studies that addressed the needs and concerns of stroke caregivers during the early poststroke period, there are very few caregiver studies that reported strategies used by caregivers to deal with their needs and concerns, and studies are lacking that reported the advice that caregivers would offer to others. The purpose of this study was to determine the self-reported needs, concerns, strategies, and advice of family caregivers of stroke survivors during the first 6 months after hospital discharge. Using openended questions, we individually interviewed 14 female family caregivers of stroke survivors (8 African American, 6 white) to identify their needs and concerns, strategies they used to deal with stroke, and advice they would offer to other stroke caregivers. Findings revealed five major categories of caregiver needs and concerns: information, emotions and behaviors, physical care, instrumental care, and personal responses to caregiving. Based on the findings, an initial needs and concerns checklist was developed, along with a list of caregiver strategies and advice. Upon further testing, the needs and concerns checklist, as well as the list of strategies and advice, may help to identify relevant areas for caregiver intervention.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Caregivers / psychology*
  • Family Nursing
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Needs Assessment
  • Nursing Methodology Research
  • Patient Discharge*
  • Stroke / nursing*
  • Teaching