Effects of polymorphisms of MDR1, MRP1, and MRP2 genes on their mRNA expression levels in duodenal enterocytes of healthy Japanese subjects

Biol Pharm Bull. 2002 Oct;25(10):1356-9. doi: 10.1248/bpb.25.1356.


In the present study, we examined whether polymorphisms in the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter genes, MDR1, MRP1 and MRP2, were associated with their respective mRNA expression levels in duodenal enterocytes of 13 healthy Japanese volunteers. MDR1 genotypes of T-129C, G2677(A,T) and C3435T, MRP1 genotypes of G128C, C218T, G2168A and G3173A, and MRP2 genotypes of C-24T, G1249A, C2302T, C2366T and G4348A were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) or direct sequencing. Mutations T-129C, G2677(A,T) and C3435T of MDRI gene were found at allele frequencies of 2/26, 16/26 and 12/26, respectively. Mutations G2168A of the MRPI gene and C-24T of the MRP2 gene were also found at allele frequencies of 1/26 and 6/26, respectively, whereas other mutations were not detected in MRP1 and MRP2 genes. The relative concentrations (mean +/- S.E.) of MDR1 mRNA to villin mRNA were 0.38 +/- 0.15, 0.56 +/- 0.14 and 1.13 +/- 0.42 in the subjects with C/C3435, C/T(3435) and T/T(3435), respectively, which supported the lower serum concentrations of digoxin after single oral administration in the subjects with the mutant T-allele at position 3435. Genetic collaboration between positions 3435 and 2677 was suggested, and those in G/G2677, G/(A,T)(2677) and T/(A,T)(2677) were 0.16 +/- 0.05, 1.10 +/- 0.40, and 0.63 +/- 0.16, respectively (p = 0.107). However, there was no remarkable effect of the G2168A of the MRP1 gene or of C-24T of the MRP2 gene on the relative MRP1 or MRP2 mRNA concentrations, respectively.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Amino Acid Substitution / genetics
  • Duodenum / cytology
  • Duodenum / metabolism
  • Enterocytes / cytology
  • Enterocytes / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation / genetics
  • Genes, MDR / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Membrane Transport Proteins*
  • Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Genetic / genetics*
  • RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics


  • Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • multidrug resistance-associated protein 2
  • multidrug resistance-associated protein 1