Biosynthesis and properties of the plant cell wall

Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2002 Dec;5(6):536-42. doi: 10.1016/s1369-5266(02)00306-0.

Abstract

The characterization of cell wall mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana, combined with biochemical approaches toward the purification and characterization of glycosyltransferases, has led to significant advances in understanding cell wall synthesis and the properties of cell walls. New insights have been gained into the formation of cellulose and the functions of the matrix polysaccharides rhamnogalacturonan-II and xyloglucan.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / genetics
  • Arabidopsis / growth & development
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism
  • Cell Wall / physiology*
  • Cellulose / biosynthesis*
  • Fucose / metabolism
  • Fucosyltransferases / genetics
  • Fucosyltransferases / metabolism
  • Glucans*
  • Glucosyltransferases / genetics
  • Glucosyltransferases / metabolism*
  • Glycosyltransferases / genetics
  • Glycosyltransferases / metabolism
  • Mannans / biosynthesis
  • Mutation
  • Pentosyltransferases / genetics
  • Pentosyltransferases / metabolism
  • Plant Development
  • Plants / genetics
  • Plants / metabolism*
  • Polysaccharides / biosynthesis
  • Polysaccharides / metabolism
  • Xylans*

Substances

  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Glucans
  • Mannans
  • Polysaccharides
  • Xylans
  • galactomannan
  • Fucose
  • xyloglucan
  • hemicellulose
  • Cellulose
  • Glycosyltransferases
  • CESA1 protein, Arabidopsis
  • CESA8 protein, Arabidopsis
  • Fucosyltransferases
  • Glucosyltransferases
  • PRC1 protein, Arabidopsis
  • xyloglucan 2-fucosyltransferase
  • cellulose synthase (UDP-forming)
  • Pentosyltransferases
  • UDP xylose-protein xylosyltransferase