Influence of ultrasonic frequency on multibubble sonoluminescence

J Acoust Soc Am. 2002 Oct;112(4):1405-13. doi: 10.1121/1.1502898.


Computer simulations of bubble oscillations are performed under conditions of multibubble sonoluminescence (MBSL) in water for various ultrasonic frequencies. The range of the ambient bubble radius for sonoluminescing bubbles narrows as the ultrasonic frequency increases; at 20 kHz it is 0.1-100 microm while at 1 MHz it is 0.1-3 microm. At 1 MHz, any sonoluminescing bubble disintegrates into a mass of smaller bubbles in a few or a few tens of acoustic cycles, while at 20 kHz and 140 kHz some sonoluminescing bubbles are shape stable. The mechanism of the light emission also depends on the ultrasonic frequency. As the ultrasonic frequency increases, the amount of water vapor trapped inside bubbles at the collapse decreases. As a result, MBSL originates mainly in plasma emissions at 1 MHz while it originates in chemiluminescence of OH radicals and plasma emissions at 20 kHz.