Correlation lengths of the wigner-crystal order in a two-dimensional electron system at high magnetic fields

Phys Rev Lett. 2002 Oct 21;89(17):176802. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.89.176802. Epub 2002 Oct 7.


The insulator terminating the fractional quantum Hall series at low Landau level filling nu is generally taken to be a pinned Wigner crystal (WC), and exhibits a microwave resonance that is interpreted as a WC pinning mode. For a high quality sample at several densities, n, we find maxima in resonance peak frequency, f(pk), vs magnetic field, B. L, the correlation length of WC order, is calculated from f(pk). For each n, L vs nu tends at low nu toward a line with positive intercept; the fit is accurate over as much as a factor of 5 range of nu. The linear behavior is interpreted as due to B compressing the electron wave functions, to alter the effective electron-impurity interaction.