Association of genotypes of carcinogen-activating enzymes, phenol sulfotransferase SULT1A1 (ST1A3) and arylamine N-acetyltransferase NAT2, with urothelial cancer in a Japanese population

Int J Cancer. 2002 Dec 1;102(4):418-21. doi: 10.1002/ijc.10728.


Carcinogenic aromatic amines such as 4-aminobiphenyl, which is contained in tobacco smoke, are one of the causal factors of urothelial epithelial cancers. 4-Aminobiphenyl has been shown to be bioactivated through N-hydroxylation by hepatic cytochrome (CYP) 1A2 and subsequently through O-sulfation and O-acetylation by phenol sulfating sulfotransferase, ST1A3 (SULT1A1), and arylamine N-acetyltransferase, NAT2, respectively. In a case-control study for urothelial epithelial cancers, low activity alleles of NAT2 are overall high-risk alleles (OR 2.11; 95% CI 1.08-4.26). Wild-type ST1A3*1 ((213)Arg) alleles were slightly overrepresented in nonsmoking urothelial cancer patients (82.6% vs. 69.7%) and in smoking cancer patients (76.7% and 74.3%) compared to a variant ST1A3*2 ((213)His) allele. In combination of ST1A3 and NAT2 genotypes for analyses of urothelial cancer risk, the highest OR of 2.45 (95% CI 1.04-5.98) was obtained with ST1A3*1 and NAT2 slow genotype among the 4 combinations. Recombinant ST1A3*1 enzyme showed a tendency of catalyzing higher in vitro 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate-dependent DNA adduct formation than ST1A3*2 (2.84 +/- 0.49 and 2.22 +/- 0.11 adducts/10(8) nucleotides). Combined analyses of different alleles of carcinogenic aromatic amine-activating phase II enzymes were applied to urothelial cancer risk for the first time and showed the highest risk combination of ST1A3 and NAT2 alleles.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aminobiphenyl Compounds / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Arylamine N-Acetyltransferase / genetics*
  • Arylamine N-Acetyltransferase / metabolism
  • Arylsulfotransferase*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 / metabolism
  • DNA Adducts
  • Female
  • Genotype*
  • Hepatocytes / metabolism
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Phosphoadenosine Phosphosulfate / metabolism
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Genetic / genetics*
  • Rats
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / adverse effects
  • Sulfotransferases / genetics*
  • Sulfotransferases / metabolism
  • Urologic Neoplasms / enzymology*
  • Urologic Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Urologic Neoplasms / genetics


  • Aminobiphenyl Compounds
  • DNA Adducts
  • Phosphoadenosine Phosphosulfate
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2
  • Arylamine N-Acetyltransferase
  • Sulfotransferases
  • Arylsulfotransferase
  • SULT1A1 protein, human