Transcriptional synergism on the pS2 gene promoter between a p160 coactivator and estrogen receptor-alpha depends on the coactivator subtype, the type of estrogen response element, and the promoter context

Mol Endocrinol. 2002 Nov;16(11):2571-81. doi: 10.1210/me.2002-0051.


The pS2 gene is estrogen responsive in hepatocarcinoma cells (HepG2) in the presence of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha). The estrogenic activity is mediated through an estrogen response element (ERE) in the 5'-flanking region of the pS2 gene; however, an activator protein 1 (AP1) response element located close to the ERE in the pS2 promoter has also proven essential for a maximum response to estrogen. In the present study, we show estrogen-induced synergistic activity by the p160 coactivator steroid receptor coactivator-1 (SRC-1), mediated via the ERE and the AP1 response element in the pS2 promoter. In addition, we present data that support an interaction between the ERE and the AP1 motif via SRC-1. The related but distinct p160 coactivator, transcriptional intermediary factor-2, was a more potent activator of pS2 gene expression. In addition, transcriptional intermediary factor-2 was less dependent on an intact AP1 response element in the pS2 promoter than SRC-1. Furthermore, the type of ERE in the pS2 promoter influenced the potentiation by SRC-1, supported by less dependence on the AP1 motif when the natural ERE was substituted for by a consensus ERE. These results highlight several mechanisms whereby fine-tuning of estrogen responsiveness of an individual gene may be achieved.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics*
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Estrogen Receptor alpha
  • Estrogens / pharmacology
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Liver Neoplasms
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics*
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Nucleocytoplasmic Transport Proteins
  • Presenilin-2
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic*
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • Receptors, Estrogen / genetics*
  • Receptors, Estrogen / metabolism
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transcription, Genetic*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Carrier Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Estrogen Receptor alpha
  • Estrogens
  • MYBBP1A protein, human
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Nucleocytoplasmic Transport Proteins
  • PSEN2 protein, human
  • Presenilin-2
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • Receptors, Estrogen
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Transcription Factors