Recent improvements in laparoscopic equipment, technique, and skills have contributed to advancement of the laparoscopic approach to even relatively rare pediatric surgical diseases. Two invasive operations that now may be approached laparoscopically are adrenalectomy and esophagomyotomy. Both techniques, initially described in the early 1990s, are particularly well suited for the laparoscopic approach and have become accepted as the preferred technique among general surgeons. Despite infrequent indications for either of these operations in children, pediatric surgeons experienced in minimally invasive techniques may apply the laparoscopic approach in a safe and effective manner. Furthermore, regarding achalasia in the pediatric population specifically, the offering of a less-invasive surgical approach may contribute toward more primary definitive surgical management being offered initially rather than after prolonged supportive medical care. The goal of this article is to familiarize the reader with the current laparoscopic approach to benign pediatric adrenal conditions and esophageal motility disorders in children.
Copyright 2002, Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.