Usefulness of High-Resolution Comparative Genomic Hybridization (CGH) for Detecting and Characterizing Constitutional Chromosome Abnormalities

Am J Med Genet. 2002 Nov 22;113(2):125-36. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.10593.

Abstract

Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) is a technique for detection of chromosomal imbalances in a genomic DNA sample. We here report the application of the recently developed method of high-resolution CGH on DNA samples from 66 children having various degrees of delayed psychomotor development with or without clear dysmorphic features and congenital malformations. In 5 of 50 patients with apparently normal karyotypes, a deletion or duplication was revealed by CGH. Only one of these cases had a subtelomeric rearrangement. In one of seven cases with a de novo apparently balanced translocation, deletions were found. In all nine cases where the origin of a marker chromosome or additional chromosomal material was difficult to determine, CGH gave a precise identification. The following findings were from cases having a deletion or duplication as the sole chromosomal imbalance; dup(2)(p16p21), del(4)(q21q21), del(6)(q14q15), del(6)(p12p12), dup(6)(q24qter), and dup(15)(q11q13). One case had dup(9)(p11pter) combined with a very small subtelomeric deletion on 6q. In our hands, CGH is highly useful not only for identifying known chromosomal imbalances, but also for finding elusive deletions or duplications in the large group of children with developmental delay with or without congenital abnormalities. In such cases, the diagnostic yield of CGH appears to be higher than what has been reported from subtelomeric FISH screening.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chromosome Aberrations*
  • Chromosome Banding
  • Chromosome Disorders / diagnosis
  • Chromosome Disorders / genetics
  • Female
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Karyotyping
  • Male
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization / methods*
  • Phenotype