Socio-economic differences in health risk behaviour and attitudes towards health risk behaviour among Slovak adolescents

Soz Praventivmed. 2002;47(4):233-9. doi: 10.1007/BF01326404.


Objectives: Socio-economic differences in the frequency of smoking, alcohol consumption, drug use, physical exercise, and attitudes toward smoking were explored in a sample of Slovak adolescents (1,370 boys, 1,246 girls, mean age 15 years).

Methods: Identification of socio-economic status was based on three indicators: the highest educational level of parents, the highest occupational class of parents, and the type of school the adolescents attended.

Results: Health risk behaviour was strongly related to socio-economic status based on all three socio-economic indicators, although there were some exceptions mostly related to education as indicator of socio-economic status and to alcohol consumption experience and drug use experience. The pattern of socio-economic differences was unfavourable for lower socio-economic groups of adolescents, except for differences in frequency of alcohol consumption among females when highest education of parents was used as an indicator of socio-economic status.

Conclusions: There are socio-economic differences in health risk behaviour. Lower socio-economic groups of adolescents behave risky more frequently than higher socio-economic groups of adolescents.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior*
  • Age Factors
  • Alcohol Drinking
  • Attitude to Health
  • Data Interpretation, Statistical
  • Education
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Health Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Marijuana Abuse
  • Occupations
  • Parents
  • Risk-Taking*
  • Schools
  • Sex Factors
  • Slovakia
  • Smoking
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires