A novel series of non-peptide derivatives 1, 14, and 15 that bind with high affinity to the human GnRH receptors is discussed. The discovery was made from screening our in-house libraries that contained the active structure 2 along with a trace amount of a second active structure 1 that was derived from an acid-induced rearrangement. From this structure type 1, a series of guanidine and non-guanidine containing analogues were prepared and tested as GnRH receptor antagonists. Compounds derived from this series bind to both human and rat GnRH receptors and antagonize GnRH-mediated increases in inositol phosphate production in cells containing recombinant human receptors. These compounds or their analogues may be useful as therapeutic agents for the treatment of hormone-dependent pathologies including prostate, breast and ovarian cancers.