Hypertension and the eye: changing perspectives

J Hum Hypertens. 2002 Oct;16(10):667-75. doi: 10.1038/sj.jhh.1001472.


Systemic hypertension is a common condition associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Hypertension confers cardiovascular risk by causing target-organ damage that includes retinopathy in addition to heart disease, stroke, renal insufficiency and peripheral vascular disease. The recognition of hypertensive retinopathy is important in cardiovascular risk stratification of hypertensive individuals. This review reevaluates the changing perspectives in the pathophysiology, classification and prognostic significance of fundal lesions in hypertensives.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Eye Diseases / classification
  • Eye Diseases / etiology*
  • Eye Diseases / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications*
  • Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Factors