Purpose: The purpose of this article was to present 35 new cases of peripheral osteoma of the oral and maxillofacial region with an analysis of the literature.
Patients and methods: We performed a search of our files for the past 5 years for peripheral osteoma of the oral and maxillofacial region. The criteria used to diagnose osteoma included the radiographic and histologic features.
Results: The 35 patients, which included 23 males (65%) and 12 females (35%), ranged in age from 14 to 58 years, with a mean age of 29.4 years. Most of the osteomas were located in frontal bone (28.57%), mandible (22.85%), and maxilla (14.28%).
Conclusion: Peripheral osteomas of the jaw bones are uncommon, and accordingly, patients with osteoma should be evaluated for Gardner's syndrome. In addition, it is appropriate to provide both clinical and radiographic follow-up after surgical excision of a peripheral osteoma.
Copyright 2002 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons J Oral Maxillofac Surg 60:1299-1301, 2002