Identification of four distinct regions of allelic imbalances on chromosome 1 by the combined comparative genomic hybridization and microsatellite analysis on hepatocellular carcinoma

Mod Pathol. 2002 Nov;15(11):1213-20. doi: 10.1097/01.MP.0000036347.66943.3C.


Frequent chromosome 1 abnormalities detected in human hepatocellular carcinoma have been implicated in early genetic events of liver carcinogenesis. Recurrent loss of 1p with a common deleted region 1p36-p34 has been reported from microsatellite analysis, whereas common gain of the whole chromosome q-arm was described from several comparative genomic hybridization studies. The relationships between copy number changes and allelic status however remains unclear. In this study, we have conducted a simultaneous comparative genomic hybridization and microsatellite analysis study on chromosome 1 in 31 hepatocellular carcinoma cases. Microsatellite analysis revealed frequent loss of heterozygosity on 1p at loci D1S468 (74%), D1S450 (67%), D1S2667 (65%), D1S2697 (75%), D1S199 (52%), and D1S234 (67%) corresponded to the distal 1p36 region and coincided with 12 cases (86%) that presented losses on 1p by comparative genomic hybridization analysis. Although comparative genomic hybridization indicated a common deleted region of 1p36-p35 in the current series, microsatellite analysis has refined the smallest overlapping region (SOR) to 1p36.13-p36.22. Gain of 1q as revealed by comparative genomic hybridization suggested low and high-level gains, and cases that displayed an amplicon below the heterochromatic region 1q21-q25. Common allelic imbalances of polymorphic markers D1S2635 (64%), D1S484 (67%), D1S2878 (65%), D1S196 (70%), D1S249 (64%) D1S2785 (75%), D1S2842 (73%) and D1S2836 (74%) that corresponded to the regions 1q23.1-q24.2, 1q32.1 and 1q43-q44 were detected. Three distinct regions of allelic imbalances were thus suggested on recurring 1q gain found in hepatocellular carcinoma. Furthermore, microsatellite analysis has enabled a mapping of common overrepresented regions and suggested SOR on 1q23.1-q23.3 (D1S2635-D1S2878), 1q25.1-q31.1 (D1S452-D1S238), and 1q43 (D1S2785-D1S2842). Our current study has refined chromosome 1 aberrations in hepatocellular carcinoma to four regions of allelic imbalances. The SORs delineated should provide basis for further molecular investigation in hepatocarcinogenesis on genes residing on these chromosomal regions.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Allelic Imbalance*
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / genetics
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Liver Neoplasms / genetics
  • Liver Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Loss of Heterozygosity
  • Male
  • Microsatellite Repeats / genetics*
  • Middle Aged
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization / methods*