Evidence for crustacean cardioactive peptide-like innervation of the gut in Locusta migratoria

Peptides. 2002 Nov;23(11):1915-23. doi: 10.1016/s0196-9781(02)00174-2.


Hindguts from female Vth instar larvae, young adults (1-2 days) and old adults (>10 days) are equally sensitive to the crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP), with changes in contraction occurring at a threshold concentration of 10(-9)M and maximal responses observed at concentrations ranging between 10(-7) and 5x10(-6)M. An immunohistochemical examination of the gut of Locusta migratoria with an antiserum raised against CCAP revealed an extensive network of CCAP-like immunoreactive processes on the hindgut and posterior midgut via the 11th sternal nerve arising from the terminal abdominal ganglion. Anterograde filling of the 11th sternal nerve with neurobiotin revealed extensive processes and terminals on the hindgut. Retrograde filling of the branch of the 11th sternal nerve which innervates the hindgut with neurobiotin revealed two bilaterally paired cells in the terminal abdominal ganglion which co-localized with CCAP-like immunoreactivity. Results suggest that a CCAP-like substance acts as a neurotransmitter/neuromodulator at the locust hindgut.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Enteric Nervous System / physiology*
  • Grasshoppers*
  • Humans
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence
  • Neuropeptides / physiology*


  • Neuropeptides
  • crustacean cardioactive peptide